The Catholic church supports the scientific enterprise in a variety of ways, and has done so throughout its history. For example, in his book The Sun in the Church: Cathedrals as Solar Observatories, John Heilbron writes that the Church “gave more financial and social support to the study of astronomy for over six centuries, from the recovery of ancient learning during the late Middle Ages into the Enlightenment, than any other, and probably, all other, institutions.” Today the church supports science both through the Vatican directly (in the form of the Vatican Observatory and the Pontifical Academy of Sciences), and through the science departments of various Catholic schools and universities, and the research in Catholic hospitals.
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