It's June, Asteroid Day approaches!
Asteroid Day is a global coalition of scientists, astronauts, physicists, artists, musicians and concerned citizens that have come together to focus the world’s attention on the nature of asteroids, and the solutions that could protect all life on Earth from future asteroid impacts, and inspire the next generation.
The founders of Asteroid Day drafted the 100X Declaration. In short:
- Over the last decade and a half, we've discovered a LOT of near-Earth asteroids, and continue to do so.
- Some of these asteroids can potentially impact the Earth.
- Some of these asteroids are large enough that an impact would be "a bad thing."
- We need to accelerate the discovery and tracking of Near-Earth Asteroids to 100,000 per year within the next ten years.
- We need to get government, private and philanthropic organizations involved.
- We seek to have Asteroid Day adopted as a globally recognized event.
Asteroid Day is supported by over 200 notable scientists, astronauts, business leaders, artists, Nobel Laureates and by tens of thousands of private citizens. YOU can read and sign the Asteroid Day declaration as a private citizen here: https://asteroidday.org/declaration/ (I did).
I wrote about Asteroid Day last year; what's changed since June 2016? Quite a bit, actually:
- The United Nations General Assembly has officially declared June 30th as the International Asteroid Day!
- NASA and FEMA held an Asteroid Emergency Planning Exercise on Oct. 25, 2016.
- JPL researcher Davide Farnocchia developed the Scout software to help quickly identify potentially dangerous asteroids, and automatically call for follow-up observations to calculate a more precise path for these bodies.
- The Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment (AIDA) Mission is an international collaboration among the European Space Agency (ESA), NASA, Observatoire de la Côte d´Azur (OCA), and the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL). AIDA will be first demonstration of the kinetic impact technique to change the motion of an asteroid in space. Unfortunately, on Dec. 2, 2016 the ESA member states declined funding for the mission; NASA says it will continue with the mission.
- NASA selected two asteroid missions for the Discovery Program mission: Lucy will visit Jupiter’s Trojan asteroids, and Psyche will study metal asteroid 16 Psyche.
- The ESA Gaia mission, while mapping a billion stars in our galaxy, can't help seeing asteroids too. Using data provided by Gaia's observations of known asteroids, scientists have been able to characterize the physical properties and orbits of these asteroids more precisely than ever before.
- NASA's OSIRIS-REx asteroid sample return mission launched on Sept. 6th on its way to asteroid 101955 Bennu.
- A Space.com article from January 5, 2017 mentions the National Near-Earth Object Preparedness Strategy - which sounds like a pretty good thing to have. As I was writing this article, I followed the link in the Space.com article to the White House post, and found this:
How much is going to happen in the area of planetary defense between now and Asteroid Day 2018? If the current pace continues, I would imagine quite a bit!
Asteroid Day will be broadcasting LIVE from Luxembourg during this year's event: