Across the Universe: When reason itself becomes flesh

This column was first published in The Tablet in December 2008

“In the beginning was the Word.” So opens the Gospel according to St. John. When I was young they called John’s Chapter 1, verses 1-14, “The Last Gospel.” We heard it repeated so often, at the end of every Mass, that the words went past us without registering.

Word as used here is our weak English translation for the Greek logosLogos carries a great weight of philosophical meaning, from “rational discourse” to the fundamental order of the universe. It is the word from which we get logic.

Try substituting “Logic” or “Reason” for “Word” in that Gospel: “In the beginning was Logic. In the beginning was Reason. In the beginning was the fundamental rational basis of the universe…”

This is our foundation, of course, for science. Logic and reason were with God from the beginning. God is He who built the universe on them. Indeed, the first verse concludes, “and the Logos was God.” That is one more reason why the so-called “war” between science and religion is so bogus. How could God be at war with Himself?

Madonna and Child by the 15th century painter known as Masaccio (Tommaso di ser Giovanni di Mone Cassai)

Madonna and Child by the 15th century painter known as Masaccio (Tommaso di ser Giovanni di Mone Cassai)

In December of 2008, I participated at a conference in Florence of documentary filmmakers, sitting on yet another panel about this putative war between faith and science. The organizer, a British filmmaker, challenged me about my view of miracles. How could they exist? Are they not contrary to Science? Her assumption appears to be that it is “scientific” to deny the evidence of anything that doesn’t fit into one’s preconceptions. And so, sadly, she has cut herself off from any possibility of experiencing a miracle.

Of course, without science we would never be able to recognize a miracle. Without understanding what is ordinary, we could not appreciate the extraordinary. But on the other hand, the very existence of the Universe (not to mention our own ability to be aware of it) is a miracle so commonplace that, like the Last Gospel, it rarely registers in our minds.

The most startling miracle of all is the Nativity we celebrate this season. While in Florence, visiting its museums I was struck by the sheer number of Nativity scenes hanging on the walls. Every artist of the middle ages appears to have had his own take on the subject. Each saw a different aspect to emphasize, from the majesty of the Infant before of the Magi, to the intimacy of Mary tickling the baby Jesus under the chin.

The Nativity is the core, and the uniqueness, of Christianity. Greek philosophy might eventually have led us to a rational view of the universe, even to a worship of Reason. The wisdom of India and China was able to form a systematic basis for ethics and the proper behavior of the human being within society. But only the Gospel – John’s Gospel – tells us that Reason Itself became Flesh, and dwelt among us.

The laws of universe became, at that moment, the baby in that manger.

How can the “laws of science” become a human being? It’s a bizarre yet somehow exciting insight to me. But even the most hardened rationalist, if they have experienced love, will understand and accept how God (for which read love) and science (for which read human biology) come together in a baby.

It makes fresh the meaning of the Nativity: love, consolation, hope – God – Incarnate. It also makes me understand why the Magi fell in worship.

But at the same time, I think of that other image, Mary tickling the Infant. What does it mean to play with the laws of nature? It means gazing in admiration at the sky. It means teasing out the secrets of the physical universe. It means having fun with high tech. Think of that Madonna and Child, when you find those electronic toys under your tree this Christmas.

Br. Guy Consolmagno

About Br. Guy Consolmagno

Brother Guy Consolmagno SJ is Director of the the Vatican Observatory and President of the Vatican Observatory Foundation. A native of Detroit, Michigan, he earned undergraduate and masters' degrees from MIT, and a Ph. D. in Planetary Science from the University of Arizona; he was a postdoctoral research fellow at Harvard and MIT, served in the US Peace Corps (Kenya), and taught university physics at Lafayette College before entering the Jesuits in 1989.

At the Vatican Observatory since 1993, his research explores connections between meteorites, asteroids, and the evolution of small solar system bodies, observing Kuiper Belt comets with the Vatican's 1.8 meter telescope in Arizona, and applying his measure of meteorite physical properties to understanding asteroid origins and structure. Along with more than 200 scientific publications, he is the author of a number of popular books including Turn Left at Orion (with Dan Davis), and most recently Would You Baptize an Extraterrestial? (with Father Paul Mueller, SJ). He also has hosted science programs for BBC Radio 4, been interviewed in numerous documentary films, appeared on The Colbert Report, and for more than ten years he has written a monthly science column for the British Catholic magazine, The Tablet.

Dr. Consolmagno's work has taken him to every continent on Earth; for example, in 1996 he spent six weeks collecting meteorites with a NASA team on the blue ice regions of East Antarctica. He has served on the governing boards of the Meteoritical Society; the American Astronomical Society Division for Planetary Sciences (of which he was chair in 2006-2007); and IAU Commission 16 (Planets and Satellites). In 2000, the small bodies nomenclature committee of the IAU named an asteroid, 4597 Consolmagno, in recognition of his work. In 2014 he received the Carl Sagan Medal from the American Astronomical Society Division for Planetary Sciences for excellence in public communication in planetary sciences.

This blog is made possible by contributions from visitors like yourself. PLEASE help by supporting this blog.

Get the VOF Blog via email - free!

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Leave a Reply